Für Elise (For Elise) is one of Beethoven's most popular compositions. It is suggested that the original work may have been named "Für Therese" instead, as a reference to Therese Malfatti, who was a friend and student of Beethoven's to whom he proposed in 1810. She turned him down to marry an Austrian nobleman.
Beethoven's piano sonata "Quasi una fantasia" is popularly known as the Moonlight Sonata and it was dedicated in 1802 to his pupil Countess Giulietta Guicciardi. The name "Moonlight Sonata" comes from remarks made by the German music critic and poet Ludwig Rellstab, who compared the effect of the first movement to that of moonlight shining upon Lake Lucerne. The Moonlight Sonata is featured in movies such as Confessions of a Dangerous Mind and The Pianist.
Toccata and Fugue in D Minor
This is a piece of organ music attributed to Johann Sebastian Bach. First published in 1833, the piece quickly became popular, and is now one of the most famous works in the organ repertoire. In popular culture, the Tocatta has been used in a variety of popular media such as the opening credits of the 1931 film Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, the Disney's 1940 film Fantasia and the 1962 film adaptation of The Phantom of the Opera.
The Funeral March
The third movement of Frédéric Chopin's Piano Sonata No. 2 is popularly known as The Funeral March. It was used at the state funerals of John F. Kennedy, Sir Winston Churchill and Margaret Thatcher and those of Soviet leaders, including Leonid Brezhnev. It was also played in the funeral of the Spanish poet Miguel Hernández and at the graveside during Chopin's own burial at Père Lachaise Cemetery in Paris.
Clair de Lune
Clair de Lune is the third and most famous movement of Suite Bergamasque by Claude Debussy. The song is featured in the movies Twilight, Atonement, Ocean Eleven, The Fourth Dimension, Rise of the Planet of the Apes (2011), American Hustle and many others. The song is also used in TV series such as Mr. Selfridge, White Collar, Glasslip (Animated) and even The Simpsons.
Ode to Joy
Ode to Joy is best known for its use by Beethoven in the final movement of his Ninth Symphony. The tune has been used in The Beatles film, HELP!, Stanley Kubrick's 1971 film A Clockwork Orange and in the Die Hard film franchise as well as the anime series Neon Genesis Evangelion and subsequent remake, Evangelion: 3.0 You Can (Not) Redo.
Lacrimosa is a sequence of the unfinished Mozart's Requiem and it can be found on the movie Amadeus. Requiem was composed in 1781 and left unfinished at the composer's death. The autograph manuscript shows the finished and orchestrated Introit in Mozart's hand, as well as detailed drafts of the sequences Kyrie and Dies Irae as far as the first eight bars of the "Lacrymosa" movement. The Lacrimosa sequence inspired Evanescence's song of the same name.
Chopin's Fantaisie Impromptu is a solo piano composition dedicated to Julian Fontana, who published the piece despite Chopin's request not to do so. This composition is one of Chopin's most frequently performed and popular pieces, being heard in a Tom and Jerry cartoon called Snowbody Loves Me and in the 1956 film Autumn Leaves. The composition is also heard in the Woody Woodpecker episode "Musical Moments from Chopin" and featured in the 2003 film Lost in Translation and the 2013 film Jobs.