Ludwig van Beethoven is a well known German composer and pianist who lived from 1770 to 1827, and who started to lose his hearing at the age of 27; most of his well known pieces were written after his loss of hearing. He is considered one of the most famous and influential composers. Some of his work includes Symphony No. 5, Moonlight Sonata, Pathetique Sonata, and Für Elise.
Johann Sebastian Bach is a famous Baroque period German composer who lived from 1685 to 1750. He broadened German styles and worked in rhythms, forms, and textures from Italian and French music. Some of his works include Bourée 1 & 2, Sarabande, Toccata and Fugue in D Minor, and Polonaise.
Karlheinz Stockhausen lived from 1928 until 2007. He was a well-known German composer, whose work was considered some of the most important and controversial of the 20th century. He is known for bringing electronic and surreal elements to his classical compositions. He is featured on the cover of The Beatles' album Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band. His well-known works include Gesang der Junglinge, Stimmung, Kontakte, and Oktophonie.
Jeremy Soule was born in 1975 in Iowa. He is a well known composer of soundtracks for film, television, and videogames. He has composed music for over 60 games in his life, and is best known for his work on The Elder Scrolls series, and the Guild Wars series. He's known for commanding a wide range of styles. His most famous individual works include Nerevar Rising, Peace of Akatosh, and Dusk at the Market.
Wolfgang Mozart is one of the most enduringly popular Classical Era composers and he lived from 1756 to 1791. His Symphonies, chamber, and choral pieces are considered some of the best. He helped bring back the complexity that Europe was weary of after the Baroque period. His popular works include Eine Kleine Nachtmusik, The Marriage of Figaro, Lacrimosa, and Requiem.
Johannes Brahms is a German composer who lived from 1833 to 1897, he's sometimes considered, along with Beethoven and Bach, as one of "The Three Bs". He's best known for innovating, while also being true to traditionalism. His music is heavy and structures and traditional techniques, but uses many unique approaches to harmony and melody. His famous works include Symphony No. 1, Violin Concerto, Hungarian Dances, and String Sextet No. 2.
Edgard Varèse is a French composer who lived from 1883 until 1965 and was known for emphasizing timbre and rhythm in his compositions. He pioneered the idea that certain timbres and rhythms can be grouped together within a composition; he called this "Organized Sound". He is widely considered the Father of Electronic music, and Henry Miller referred to him as "The stratospheric Colossus of Sound". His famous works include Ionisation, Hyperprism, Amériques, Déserts, and Poème électronique.
Austin Wintory has been active from 2002 until present. He is known for his work composing for films and video games and for including unique sounds as part of his compositions, and his use of silence to contrast large swells of music. His most well-known compositions have been for the experimental game Journey. His most famous pieces include Second Confluence, Temptations, and Reclamation.
Franz Schubert lived from 1797 to 1828, but despite dying at the age of 31, he was extremely prolific, and is now considered among the greatest of Romantic era composers. He is known primarily for his experimentation and technical skill. His well known works include Symphony No. 5, Impromptu in G Flat, Standchen, and Menuet.
Clara Schumann lived from 1819 to 1896 and is considered one of the most distinguished pianists of the Romantic era, and performed for over 61 years. Most of her work was composed before the age of 36, after which she began to doubt her creative abilities. Her famous works include Pianoconcerto in A minor op. 7, Quatre Visions Fugitives op. 15, and Scherzo no. 1 op. 10.
John Cage lived from 1912 until 1992. He was considered a pioneer of indeterminacy in music, and he often used instruments in nontraditional ways. He was one of the leading figures in the post-war avant-garde. His most famous works include 4'33", Dream, Water Walk, and Sonata II for Prepared Piano.
Vítězslava Kaprálová lived a tragically short life, from 1915 until 1940, when she died of miliary tuberculosis. But during her life, she was known as a prolific and unique composer; she was also talented as a conductor, and often conducted orchestras to play her own pieces. Her most famous pieces include Dubnová preludia op. 13, Burlesque, Op. 3b and April Prelude No. 3.